What Exactly is Health Literacy?

The health literacy definition is simply the degree to which people have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services that are needed to make the right health decisions. There are four different levels of health literacy.

If a person doesn’t understand basic information about his or her health medical facilities usually have a caseworker on staff to help educate patients. Knowing the health literacy definition will help a person make sound decisions when it comes to their long-term health goals.

The four levels of health literacy are as follows, below basic, basic, intermediate, and proficient. Below basic would be where the person can read and follow basic instructions. Basic literacy would be where a person can read a pamphlet and comprehend the implications of why the individuals need to be tested for signs and symptoms of a disease.

Intermediate would be where the individual can read the instructions on prescriptions, discharge summaries, and so forth and understand why these instructions are important to follow and that if they can not be followed the physician will need to be notified as to why. Last but not least is proficient, this is where the person can read and understand all the instructions from the physician, the instructions on medications are able to follow these instructions, and is able to understand the implications of the insurance coverage.

Health care facilities and public health systems play a crucial role in assisting individuals to understand health literacy. Often these facilities can make the process of finding health information for patients and family members find the information they need to maintain their health. Most individuals that have below basic health literacy are not easily identifiable. Health literacy can become difficult for all individuals. When a person is not familiar with some of the medical terminology, or are diagnosed with a terminal illness, or they have a serious condition that requires difficult self-care.

There are many benefits of health literacy which include but are not limited to improved communication, better outcomes, higher compliance to treatment, the successful rate of self-care, overall improved health status. Improving health literacy will also produce better efficiency and cost-effectiveness to healthcare systems. Improving health literacy does not require the use of extra resources.

Healthcare staff should always be advocating for a patient’s health literacy. Health literacy should always be incorporated into facilities programs, policies, plans and research. Individuals should always be advocating and educating for their friends and families’ health literacy also. If we know that our friends and family have a low health literacy we know that they are less likely to be able to manage their health status on their own. If they have chronic diseases they will be more likely to be hospitalized frequently. This, in turn, causes them to have a negative health outcome and increases the healthcare cost as a whole. Individuals that have a high proficiency in health literacy tend to have better health status. Remember that there are exceptions to every rule, there can be individuals that have proficient health literacy but have a poor health status.

With today’s technology, many individuals can educate themselves on health literacy. After a visit with a physician, many individuals can research what they are told and get a wealth of information to assist them in understanding their condition. If an individual has a low health literacy they usually have support from family or friends that can research the information for them. It is very important to one’s health to have a better knowledge of health literacy.

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Signs You Need to Go To the Emergency Room

No one wants to go to the emergency room but there are times when you do need to and it is important not to wait too long.

The emergency room may be needed for several things on varying degrees of severeness depending on the time of day and the day of the week that it is. When you are hurt and can’t move the limb that you hurt then it would be a good idea to go and get the limb x-rayed to make sure that you have not broken anything.

As for bleeding anytime that you can’t stop the bleeding within a short period of time or you are experiencing massive amounts of bleeding then you need to go right away. Among many other serious signs of problems such as chest pain and more.

But what is hard is when the problems seem simple which can make it hard to determine if you really need to go or not because you don’t feel that it will be taken that seriously. But how bad or not things need to get before going also depends on if the person is an adult or a child. For children fevers that don’t go down always needs to be seen even if the child is acting fine. On the other hand, even if it does go down but the child is not acting right then you should still go in order to make sure the child is doing fine. Thankfully hospitals try to get children out of the door quickly making sure they have been seen and are stable to go home.

For minor illness for both adults or children can end in an emergency room in San Antonio because of the fact that if the doctor’s office is not open but the illness is progressing then it is best to go ahead and be seen.

For adults, there are times where you will get a virus that will knock you on your butt. While you know exactly what the problem is it can lead to severe dehydration which can make you dizzy, have fainting spells, and lethargic.

So if you start to not be able to keep hydrated then you should go to the hospital in order to get what you need and allow the hospital to make sure that you don’t get worse. In the end regardless of the problem if you faint, dizzy, or are progressively getting worse and are unable to take care of yourself until you can go to the doctor then you are best going to the emergency room in San Antonio to be seen and make sure that there is a problem.

While no one wants to go to the emergency room for something too small that is what they are there for. If you feel that you need to be seen by a doctor then it is best to go because they would rather have a lot of people that have simple problems than you wait until it is too late and something serious happens to you. If you really feel on the edge you can always call the emergency room and ask them if they think you need to come in to be seen.

You will likely speak with a nurse who can tell you if it is serious and if you need to go there or if you should go to a quick care clinic that has been popping everywhere or the past few years.…

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Everything You Need To Know About Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis – A True Pain in the Foot

Plantar Fasciitis can be a nuisance when it comes to something as simple as walking. It is one of the most common culprits when it comes to heel pain.

What is the Plantar Fascia

The plantar fascia is a long, thick ligament that lies on the bottom of your foot. It connects the heel to under your toes It is important in supporting the arch of the foot taking the load when the foot bears weight.

What is Plantar Fasciitis

When the plantar fascia is healthy, it acts as a shock absorber supporting your arch. If the tension on the fascia exceeds what the fascia can handle, there can be small tears in the fascia. Repeat tearing of the fascia can lead to the fascia becoming irritated and inflamed.

Plantar Fasciitis is commonly a stabbing pain that usually occurs with each step, especially with the first step in the morning. As you move about your day, it could decrease, but then increase again if you are standing for prolonged periods of time. Usually the pain is near the heel.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis

There are different causes for plantar fasciitis but the main cause is still unknown.

Age and Weight

Plantar Fasciitis seems to occur more commonly in people when they are between the ages of 40 and 60 and if the person is overweight.

Stress on Your Heels

Exercises that place stress on your foot can increase the chances of placing extra stress on the heel. Long distance jumping, ballet, dance, and running can all be culprits of plantar fasciitis. Also working where you stand on your feet for long periods of time such as a factory worker or teacher can damage the plantar fascia. It is important to wear the proper footwear, such as plantar fasciitis heel cups, to help minimize the occurrence.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis will be done by your physician or podiatrist. They will see if there is tenderness to the touch to try to locate the exact point of pain. This may eliminate any other issues that may be presenting itself as Plantar Fasciitis. Muscle tone in the legs may be evaluated to make sure tight legs muscles are not pulling on the plantar fascia causing irritation. An Xray or MRI may be ordered to check that nothing else is causing you this pain such as a bone spur or a bone fracture.

Treatment

Treatment is mainly rest which is hard since that means limited walking and standing. Ice can be applied as needed for 15 minutes. This will help reduce any swelling and inflammation that may be present. Reducing your exercise routine or even changing exercises can lessen the pain associated with your plantar fasciitis. Your podiatrist may make special arch supports for your shoes to lessen the pressure on the point of inflammation. Stretching of the calf and foot will help loosen the fascia.

Night splints can be worn overnight to help stretch your calf and arch of your foot. It lengthens the fascia by holding your foot in a flexed position. Stretching the fascia and Achilles tendon overnight may help to alleviate the morning pain experienced.

If the above treatments don’t seem to help, your doctor may inject cortisone into the tender spot. Cortisone is an anti-inflammatory steroid that can help break the inflammation cycle so the inflammation can decrease and the pain can subside.

Summary

It is important to see a physician if you are experiencing pain in your foot. They will be able to determine the cause of the pain. If the pain is left untreated, you may start to change the way your walk to ‘protect’ the sore area. Changing your gait can affect your legs, knees, hips and back.

Most people overcome plantar fasciitis without surgery. It takes time and commitment but you will be able to walk pain free again.

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Oral health: The classic mistakes revealed

Over the years it would be fair to say that oral health has become much more understood. Once upon a time it was thought that this was an area that was quite independent of the rest of your body, but now it’s become clear that this isn’t necessarily the case.

Nevertheless, most of us are guilty of making common mistakes when it comes to our oral health. Through today’s article, we will now mull over some of these classic faux pas to ensure that you don’t need any reconstructive dentistry like porcelain veneers as you get older.

Topping up on late-night acidic foods

As is the case with a lot of health advice these days, this first point might sound ridiculous. However, trust us when we talk about the perils of acidic foods – this is something that turn your whole saliva against your gums.

Of course, we’re by no means suggesting that you should completely avoid acidic foods, but if you can try and tone them down in the evening you will be doing no-end of wonders to your oral health. This is because your mouth can then digest the food properly, and the acidity level of the saliva is ultimately reduced.

You don’t scrape your tongue

It’s been a big debate for years, but we really can’t stress how important scraping your tongue is.

The benefits here really are aplenty. Firstly, it’s something that removes bacteria – and we’ve all heard about the problems this causes. Next, it is something which can activate your digestive system. Finally, you will clean your taste buds and unsurprisingly, these are one part of your oral health that tend to receive little attention.

You don’t floss properly

There has been a big emphasis on flossing over the years – and it’s for good reason. The benefits are well publicised, but despite this a lot of us still don’t carry out the advice. Or, those of us who do, don’t do it properly.

There are plenty of guides on how to floss, so we won’t jump into too many details here. All that we will say is that flossing kills the hard-to-reach bacteria – which also happens to be the bacteria which is most commonly associated with gum disease.

You go to bed much later than your last brush

As we all know, procrastination tends to be on the menu for most of us before we go to bed. Umpteen studies have confirmed this – and the temptation of mobile phones seems to be the main culprit.

If we sway away from the reasons why you go to sleep later, we do need to make a point about the time you brush your teeth and the time you turn the lights off. Leave this too long, and you run the risk of cavities developing. This is because cavities are more likely to occur in dry mouths (which happens when we retire to bed). Ultimately, you need to be doing as much as you can to protect these teeth at night-time, and brushing as close to this time as possible is the best way to do this.

 

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Looking On The Bright Side of Fitness

How to Prepare for a Healthier Lifestyle

There has been an increase in the spread of junk foods, processed foods and not so healthy snacks in the market. You therefore need to watch how you go about planning your meals. When you stick to a good meal plan, staying healthy becomes easy.

There are a lot of us who think that meal planning is impossible. But if they got it right, they shall discover more benefits to their overall health here.
They need to first keep the planned period manageable, preferably a month. This shall be easy to get a lot of variety in.

There has to be the aspect of balance in such a plan. Starting off with flavor, you need to have in it sweet, sour, savory, tart, and lightly spicy foods. These flavors are ideal for whetting their appetites. They need to also have balance in terms of the nutrient content. All the nutrient groups need to be well represented.
It should not ever have a shortage of variety. When there are different meals served each time, it shall keep everyone on track.

You also need foods that have more contrast in them. The texture and appearance of food matters. You need to see variety in smoothness, crispiness, and fluffiness. The servings should also not go into excess. You need to also present the food in different shapes and sizes.

You need to look at what colors the foods are presented in. There is a need to avoid bland, one colored foods. But variety in color helps to keep everyone’s appetite stimulated. This is best delivered by vegetables and fruits.

You can avoid the stress that goes into calorie counting by sticking to simple meals. There is so much balance you can achieve without needing to do all those calorie counting calculations. You need to only look at the portions and what food groups appear in each meal. Make a point of having in there foods you enjoy to eat. You shall get such recipes online, which will help you learn more about how to stay healthy and enjoy your food.

You need to also introduce these changes to your diet gradually. Drastic changes are what lead to a relapse of poor eating habits. You did not start eating poorly overnight either.

You need to also make room for snacks and other treats. You also, need to have a plan of how you shall take cakes, ice cream and chocolate. If there is no plan, you will end up abusing them.

You need to also check how you relate to this new change. For you to have success, you need a good attitude as much as the plan. A positive attitude is a sure sign of victory.…

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Where To Start with Products and More

Tips for Living a Healthy Lifestyle

Living a healthy lifestyle is one thing that everybody would want even though most of the people don’t know how to go about it. If you are looking forward to knowing how you can live a healthy lifestyle then you should read more here about this product.

One of the things that can make you live the healthy lifestyle is a balanced diet. One thing that you should know is that eating sweet foods all the time is far from eating a balanced diet. When you are eating a balanced diet you should ear food that contains vitamins, proteins, fats, carbohydrates and minerals salts. You should also make sure that you eat fresh vegetables and fruits daily but avoid too much of processed food. When you might a balanced diet you will be surprised how healthy you will be.

Apart from that, you should also drink a lot of water. It is essential to note that water is life since it controls a lot of activities in your body and without it, you are likely to experience problems. Unfortunately, a large number of people don’t drink enough water which should be a maximum of eight glasses in a day. It is also recommended that if you don’t like the taste of water you can mix it with juice so long as you maintain that capacity. Besides, you should also eat vegetable and fruits since they also contain water. You can know that you need to drink more water when your urine is dark.

In addition, you should also take time out to relax. You should know that the brain also get exhausted and it should relax. For that matter, it will be better if you take at least one hour to cool your mind off by engaging in some relaxing activities. You find that when your brain is tired you can develop stress, anxiety, and depression which can affect your health.

Apart from that, you should also exercise. In this case, you need to involve in regular exercises so that you can keep your body and mind alert. Besides, exercising also help in managing your body weight which will free you from many health effects. In addition, to the people who are lazy in exercising you should at least engage in some activities that will boost your heart beat rate. You find that this is essential since it plays a role in boosting cardiovascular health.

For you to leave a healthy lifestyle you need to stop drinking and smoking. This is because excessive drinking of alcohol and smoking is harmful to your health since it causes dangerous diseases such as live cirrhosis and lung cancer.

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